A colleague recently asked me this question, and I’ll admit that it took me a few minutes to think about the answer. Learning how to write code that extends functionality within or outside of CRM is not something that you can just pick up from scratch. You usually need to have good experience with coding first, before you can safely venture into writing your first plugin or form level JScript function. Fundamental, and arguably, crucial knowledge of the CRM platform is essential too, as this ensures that you don’t put forward solutions that the application can handle natively. In this week’s blog post, I will first clarify what CRM Development actually means, before outlining  my “top tips” on how you can develop your skills to become a superstar CRM Developer.

So what is CRM Development, and is it the same as CRM Customisation?

It’s important that we first clarify what the difference is between these two types of activities, as although there is some cross-over, often they are split out into two distinct roles – a CRM Customiser and CRM Developer. Someone who occupies the first of these roles frequently spends the majority of their time working with CRM Solutions and the Customizations area of CRM. Customisers will commonly be involved in the creation of new entities, fields, system views, processes, business rule & workflows, to name a few. As a consequence, they will more often than not have a great deal knowledge of what the platform is capable of and are generally in the best position to offer support and mentoring to colleagues who are struggling with something in CRM (for example, how to create a personal view).

In comparison, a CRM Developer may spend very little time working with solutions and customisations; although they will be expected to have a general awareness of what the platform is capable of doing,  they will mostly only ever be concerned with modifying plug-ins, plug-in steps and web resources from within solutions. CRM Development instead encompasses a broad canvas of work, all of which is geared towards extending the native functionality of the application. An example list may include:

  • Writing form level JScript, for scenarios where a Business Rule can’t achieve the desired results (we’ve already learned the importance of considering Business Rules as a first step option in these scenarios)
  • Developing custom plug-ins in C#/VB.NET to execute at specific trigger points within the underlying database transaction e.g. after a Contact record has been updated.
  • Building custom workflow assemblies in C#/VB.NET to further enhance the options available as part of a workflow or dialog.
  • Setting up custom Web Resources in HTML/Silverlight, that can be embedded within CRM forms or dashboards.

A good way of remembering the difference is to remember that CRM Customisation can all be done from within the application itself, whereas CRM Development involves work created outside the application to achieve specific business requirements.

Now that we’ve got that out of the way, here’s my top 5 list on how you can learn CRM Development:

Learn C# First

As well as providing you with everything you would ever need from a plug-in/custom workflow development perspective, having a good grasp of C# can make learning JScript a lot more easier. Both languages have a lot of similarity, with some important differences that require noting. First, JScript is largely indifferent when it comes to working with data types, whereas C# is very fussy when it comes to declaring and casting your data types correctly. Secondly, whereas C# development work can be assisted via the use of early-bound class files, JScript can be annoyingly unsympathetic when you write code, with errors only cropping up when you attempt to run your code. Putting aside these differences though, being able to say that you have a good grasp of C# on your C.V. can assist greatly when seeking out roles involving CRM, particularly given such roles will be looking for experience of integrating CRM with third party applications; C# is your Swiss army knife in these situations.

The SDK is your treasure trove.

There are countless number of code examples & snippets enclosed within the SDK, which include all of the languages that you would use to extend CRM – JScript, C# and even VB.NET! These are typically in a state where you can easily deploy them to a test CRM environment, execute them and then playback within Visual Studio via the Plugin Profiler, so you can understand what they are doing.  The enclosed help file (which is replicated fully on the MSDN website) is also really detailed in explaining what you can do when developing for CRM. You can download the latest version of the SDK (updated recently for the 2016 Spring Wave) here.

Get an MSDN Subscription

I have extolled the virtues of what an MSDN subscription can provide to Microsoft professionals previously, so I won’t cover old ground. What I will highlight from this is that the Imagine Academy, included as part of a subscription, contains nearly all of the courses found on the Dynamics Learning Portal (available to CRM partners as a learning resource “hub” for all Dynamics products). It also gives you access to a number of important, developer-focused resources that you add to your arsenal and use to further enhance your knowledge of C#, JScript etc. If you’re fortunate enough to have enough money to obtain an Enterprise MSDN Subscription, or your employer has a few spare licenses, then you will be able to get your hands on a coveted CRM On-Premise license key as well. Working with the application in whatever capacity you can is the best and surest way to learn, as opposed to simply watching videos and reading online articles.

Pass those Exams

There are a wide plethora of different CRM exams available to take currently, and it can be quite confusing deciding which ones will benefit you best on your road to become a CRM Developer. I would suggest that the best exams to target a passing mark on would be the following:

The question you may be asking though is “How important are exams, compared with actual work experience?”. I have heard many debates surrounding the importance of certification, on both sides of the argument; one criticism is that they are generally not a good way equipping candidates with the practical, real-life knowledge and experience that ultimately must come to the fore when working with CRM on a day-to-day basis. Another argument against them is that they can sometimes draw you towards focusing on features of a particular application that is either not very good or is done much better by an alternative product. Notwithstanding this, I think exams hold an important place in demonstrating to colleagues and potential recruiters just how serious you are about your career and in ensuring that you keep yourself up-to-date with the appropriate technology – in these modern times, staying off the ball for as little as a month can put you behind! Going back to the original purpose of this post, the curriculum on both of these exams will leave you in a position where you have achieved a good balance of knowledge: both of what CRM, as a platform, is capable of out of the box, and what you can do to develop further solutions for the application.

And finally, believe in yourself

This last tip may sound a little bit clichéd, but achieving your desire to become good at CRM Development is something that only you have control over. The journey may be hard, and you will often fail more than you succeed at first; but if you keep working at it, never give up and, most importantly, trust in yourself and your abilities, then you will succeed in increasing your knowledge and expertise in CRM.

I was having a chat with a colleague recently about the new Interactive Service Hub (ISH) in CRM, in particular the new entity forms that are used as part of this. One of the questions that came up was “From a form scripting point of view, do ISH forms let you utilise all of the same references, properties and methods available as part of a Main form?”. As is generally the case in these situations, we can turn to our good friends TechNet and MSDN for answers. Specifically, we are able to find out the following on MSDN:

All the form scripting events and methods supported by the CRM mobile clients (phone and tablet) are supported in the interactive service hub.

If your organisation is fortunate enough to be using CRM 2016 Update 1 or CRM 2016 Service Pack 1, then you can also utilise the following methods/events as well:

Source: https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/mt671135.aspx#Anchor_1

So what does this mean in practical terms and how should this factor into your decision to utilise Interactive Forms over standard CRM forms? Here are a few things to consider, as well as my own thoughts on the best way to proceed:

If you are on CRM 2016, then get yourself Update 1/Service Pack 1 ASAP

There are a number of important new methods that can be used for interactive forms as part of this update. For example, you get much better options when it comes to working with IFRAME controls, interacting with the currently loaded record you are working with (via getID), loading a new record form (via openEntityForm or openQuickCreate) and setting focus to a particular field on a form (via setFocus). This goes above and beyond what is currently supported via the CRM tablet apps, and it is good to see that this CRM update has added these in. Having access to these methods may help to decide whether you can safely migrate or start using ISH forms within your organisation. And, as we have seen previously, the update process to SP1 for CRM 2016 is relatively straightforward, so why wouldn’t you look at upgrading?

Be sure you familiarise yourself with Interactive Form debugging

Anyone who works with CRM form scripting will be familiar with the trials and tribulations of browser debugging your scripts via Developer Tools on your browser of choice: open up your script library, set your breakpoints and then perform the actions needed to trigger your script. Try this with the new Interactive Forms, and you will notice that your custom library is not loaded onto the form. What the fudge?!?

Before panicking too much, the good news is that scripts can still be debugged, but you just have to go down a slightly different route. The CRM Team have written an excellent blog post that covers not just debugging for interactive forms, but for all forms as well. The first two options suggested seem to be the most straight-forward way of debugging interactive forms, but you can’t help but laugh at the fact that one of the suggested options is to use functionality within Google Chrome! 🙂 Joking aside, using Dynamic JScript in the manner outlined looks to be an effective way of setting breakpoints in a familiar manner. I may have to look at trying this at some point in the future.

You cannot programmatically switch to a different entity form in the Interactive Service Hub

It is sometimes useful to change the currently loaded form that a user is presented with depending on certain conditions. For example, if a user enters certain data within a Lead form to indicate the record should be treated as high priority, you may want a new form to be opened that contains additional fields, subgrids etc. that need to be completed in order to progress the record accordingly. Within the Xrm.Page.Ui reference, we have two methods that help us achieve this objective: formSelector.getCurrentItem, which returns the GUID for the currently loaded form, and formSelector.items, which returns a list of GUID’s for all forms that the current user has access to. The bad news is that, because these two methods are not supported in the mobile app, you will also be unable to use them within the ISH. This is likely due to the fact that, similar to Mobile Forms, only one form is presented to user when using the ISH, which is dictated by the form order and the users security permissions.

ISH forms do not contain a Ribbon

This may be one of the major reasons that prevent against an en masse adoption of ISH forms in the near future. One of the benefits of using the default CRM forms is the ability to modify the the CRM ribbon in order to add, remove or modify button behaviours across the application. This is great if you decide that you don’t want your users to have access to the Delete button, need to modify the order of the buttons to match the ones that are used the most or you need to setup a custom button that performs a web server call to an external system. Again, similar to the mobile application, there is no ribbon anywhere on the ISH, which means you may be missing out on key functionality going down this route.

ISH can only currently be used with a limited list of entities

If you are hoping to get your CRM setup to use ISH for your Sales related entities, then don’t get too carried away at this stage. You are currently limited to using ISH with a specific list of CRM entities. The full list, courtesy of our good friends again, is as follows:

  • Account
  • Contact
  • Case
  • All Activity Entities (System/Custom)
  • Social Profile
  • Queue Item
  • Knowledge Article
  • Custom Entities

Expect this to change in future, as one of the things that I have previously highlighted as part of Update 1/Service Pack 1 was the ability to add Feedback onto any entity within CRM, including custom ones. It would make sense that the Sales side of CRM gets some love and attention to include Leads, Opportunities etc. as part of ISH (so we may not even call it this if that happens!).

Conclusions or Wot I Think

It is clear that, whilst some of the headline benefits of using ISH are clear – visual experience, ability to drill down to individual records and efficient record filtering – , there are some very crucial and important technical limitations with the feature that need to be factored in before you decide to just completely migrate across to ISH. I would say that if your organisation has not been extensively customised to utilise form level scripting and other types of bespoke development work, then you can perhaps get away with making the jump. By contrary, you should be holding off and evaluating your existing customisations first to see if a) they are supported/unsupported by ISH or b) if there is some way to drop certain form scripting, ribbon customisations etc. in favour of using something default within CRM (for example, a Business Rule instead of a Jscript function). It could be that you can ditch a whole load of code that is not required as part of this exercise and instead utilise base functionality within CRM, something which is always preferable.

One thing I have been wondering about is the eventual aim with the ISH: is it intended that this will eventually replace the existing CRM user experience or will it continue to just be an alternative way of using CRM? It will be interesting to see how the feature is developed over the next couple of releases of CRM; one of the key indicators of this replacing the “old style” CRM forms is if we start to see all form scripting options made available in ISH and the introduction of the Ribbon.

In the meantime, make sure you do check out ISH at some stage, as the potential of setting up a visually attractive reporting and day-to-day application tool is huge. Just don’t let your Sales team see it yet, as you will end up disappointing them!

One of our company directors has a big thing for Americanisms and American spellings over the “proper” English spellings/pronunciations. So it came as no surprise that when we first showed him CRM, he immediately pointed out the default names on the Address field composite box:


Specifically, he didn’t like “State/Province” or “Zip/Postal Code” (for those of you who are not aware, “State/Province is the equivalent to a County over here and we refer to “Zip/Postal Code” generally as Postcode).

Being good and sympathetic fellow Englanders, our team went away to investigate. Changing the display name of each individual address field didn’t work, as you may have expected. It turns out that that the composite address fields can instead be accessed and changed using the Xrm.Page.getControl JScript method to return each individual field and then set the label accordingly. But how do we find out the name of each control to access? Microsoft have a very informative article on MSDN that goes through Composite Controls and how they operate:

From the article:

You can access the individual constituent controls displayed in the flyout by name. These controls use the following naming convention: <composite control name>_compositionLinkControl_<constituent attribute name>. To access just the address_line1 control in the address1_composite control you would use: Xrm.Page.getControl(“address1_composite_compositionLinkControl_address1_line1”).

Source: https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-gb/library/dn481581.aspx

All we need therefore is the attribute logical name for each of the constituent fields on the control and to then add this to the getControl method!

So after a quick 5-10 minutes of coding, we now how the following nice little Jscript function that fires OnLoad for all entity forms that use the Composite Address control for Address 1 and Address 2 fields:

function changeAddressLabels() {

    Xrm.Page.getControl("address1_composite_compositionLinkControl_address1_line1").setLabel("Address 1");
    Xrm.Page.getControl("address1_composite_compositionLinkControl_address1_line2").setLabel("Address 2");
    Xrm.Page.getControl("address1_composite_compositionLinkControl_address1_line3").setLabel("Address 3");
    Xrm.Page.getControl("address1_composite_compositionLinkControl_address1_postalcode").setLabel("Postal Code");
    Xrm.Page.getControl("address2_composite_compositionLinkControl_address2_line1").setLabel("Address 1");
    Xrm.Page.getControl("address2_composite_compositionLinkControl_address2_line2").setLabel("Address 2");
    Xrm.Page.getControl("address2_composite_compositionLinkControl_address2_line3").setLabel("Address 3");
    Xrm.Page.getControl("address2_composite_compositionLinkControl_address2_postalcode").setLabel("Postal Code");

A victory for our team and for England – cup of tea, anyone?

Does anyone else have any experience doing interesting things with Composite Controls? Please leave a comment below if you have.